Although not as popular as other organs, the thyroid gland plays an important role in a person’s health and wellbeing. According to Dr. Jerome M. Hershman, the author of the thyroid section of the Merck Manual, “thyroid hormones impact a host of vital body functions, including heart rate, skin maintenance, growth, temperature regulation, fertility and digestion.”
The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped organ located in the throat that is part of the endocrine system. It weights about 20 grams and measures at least 2 inches wide where it stretches across the front part of the neck just below the voice box.
The thyroid gland may be small but it is responsible for producing hormones that play vital functions in every cell, tissue and organ of the body, which is why even the slightest abnormality can already cause serious health issues to affected individuals.